Historical Tidbits

Maybe mom should just stop thinking, every time she does it means less time with me and more time on the computer!  Nasty, nasty computer.

Anyway, she was reading an email she got from Starke County Historical President Jim Shilling and thought it should be shared with the rest of the world.  (You can access the first 46 tidbits at their website, mom's not sure where to find the other 3.)  Along with interesting historical Starke County info, this section will also offer any tidbits mom finds from all over the state of Indiana.  

So I hope you appreciate the sacrifice I'm making by letting mom search the internet instead of feeding me doggie delicacies and scratching my belly after she finishes.  - From an Annoyed Anubis.





Lincoln Highway - Starke County Tidbit #61

posted Jun 2, 2015, 9:47 AM by North Judson-Wayne Township Public Library

Automobiles were the playthings of the rich until 1909, when Henry Ford produced the Model T- the first car that the average working family could afford. The number of cars manufactured and owned began to take off, but unfortunately there were few good places to drive them! For over half a century, long-distance travel in the United States had been accomplished by rail, and few roads suitable for the new horseless carriages existed. If the early cars did not break down on their own, it was very likely they would get stuck in mud on the dirt roads outside of cities and towns.

A grass-roots effort began, backed by car companies and related industries, to pull the country out of the mud. The Good Roads Movement championed named auto trails on the best available roads and advocated for government involvement in building hard surfaces on the public highways of the country. The first named auto trail to be marked from coast-to-coast was the Lincoln Highway.  Only the Yellowstone Trail, the Lincoln Highway, and the National Old Trails Road were transcontinental in length and notability, out of the 250 named Auto Trails of the era.


As you probably know, there were two Lincoln Highways through Northern Indiana.  The original one (1913-1928) was north of Starke County and went through Noble, Elkhart, St. Joseph, and La Porte Counties into Valparaiso.    Later, the route was straightened to a more direct route through Kosciusko, Marshall and Starke Counties.   This was because U.S. 30 was established in 1926, which led to the changing of the Lincoln Highway to a more direct southern route in 1928.

The Boy Scouts placed concrete Lincoln Highway markers at 5 different intersections in Starke County as well as across the nation.  The following is from the Boy Scouts Council meetings:  DP means direct or straight ahead post.  RP means Right Turn. 
DP main crossing Grovertown (Ind. 23) No. 630
RP 300 yds, E of Highway Gravel Loading Plant No. 631
DP main crossing (600 N) Hamlet No. 632
DP crossing roads (550 E) about ½ mile W of Hamlet No. 633
DP at Junction with Road No. 29 (U.S. 35) No. 634


I can find only one of these markers which is still displayed, although it has been moved from its original location.  It is north of the main intersection in Hamlet – Old 30 and CR 600E on the west side of 600E.  There is also a modern metal marker on a tall post on the northeast corner of the Starke County Co-op’s grain elevator lot in Hamlet.

The Indiana Lincoln Highway Association is developing a corridor management plan.  If you know of any other markers or information about the Lincoln Highway, give me a call – 574-772-4311.

Jim Shilling
Starke County Historical Society 


Abraham Lincoln's Funeral Train Stops in San Pierre

posted Apr 23, 2015, 9:29 AM by North Judson-Wayne Township Public Library

--Announcement--
The President has been shot!
150 years ago, on April 15, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln died as a result of a gunshot wound to the head.
The President’s funeral train traveled through many cities on its way to Springfield, Illinois, the President’s home.  It stopped in San Pierre, Indiana on May 1, 1865 at 6:15 in the morning.  The Starke County Historical Society will commemorate the historic event of 150 years ago.
Saturday, May 2 at 2:00 PM CDT on the grounds of the Little Company of Mary Hospital just south of San Pierre in Starke County.


  Ed Hasnerl, Peg Brettin and Alice Dolezal have arranged for the following participants:
  • The Living History Club from Culver Military Academy will appear in Civil War dress and the The Culver "Pipes & Drums" from the Culver Military Academy will perform.
  • A North Judson high school student, Jacob Dessauer will recite the Gettysburg Address.
  • A story of the young man who “hitched” a ride from San Pierre to Springfield on the train will be read.
  • Alan Selge will appear in Civil War civilian attire.
  • State Representative Douglas Gutwein, serving the people of District 16, and Senator Ed Charbonneau, District 2, and Tom Dermody, District 20 have been invited, as well as the Starke County Officials.
  • Light refreshments will be available at the nearby pavilion.
  • Ed will serve as the Master of Ceremonies and be attired appropriately.
Come, be part of Starke County History.

Teachers may find more on the events of 150 years ago at the following site:  http://lincolnfuneraltrain.org/pdfs/Teacher_Resource.pdf
  

A little history of what happened that night at the Ford Theater.

President Abraham Lincoln’s assassination is one of the saddest events in American history. Yet on the morning of April 14, 1865, the President awoke in an uncommonly good mood. One day less than a week before, on Palm Sunday, April 9, Robert E. Lee, the commander of what remained of the Confederate States’ Army, surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant, the commanding General of the Union. The truce reached at the Appomattox, Virginia, Court House signaled the end of the nation’s most destructive chapter, the Civil War.
To celebrate, Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln decided to attend the hit farce comedy “Our American Cousin,” which was playing at Ford’s Theatre. The Lincolns invited Gen. Grant and his wife to attend the play with them. At a cabinet meeting later that morning, however, Gen. Grant informed President Lincoln that they would not be able to join the first couple and, instead, would be visiting their children in New Jersey.


Lithograph of the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln. From left to right: Henry Rathbone, Clara Harris, Mary Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln, and John Wilkes Booth. Rathbone is depicted as spotting Booth before he shot Lincoln and trying to stop him as Booth fired his weapon. Rathbone actually was unaware of Booth’s approach, and reacted after the shot was fired. While Lincoln is depicted clutching the flag after being shot, it is also possible that he just simply pushed the flag aside to watch the performance. From the Library of Congress

Even more ominous, the ornery Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton, pleaded with the President not to go out that evening for fear of a potential assassination. Stanton was hardly the only presidential advisor against the outing. Mrs. Lincoln almost begged off, complaining of one of her all too frequent headaches. And even President Lincoln moaned about feeling exhausted as a result of his heavy presidential duties. Nevertheless, he insisted that an evening of comedy was just the tonic he and his wife required. Mr. Lincoln, confident that his bodyguards would protect him from any potential harm, shrugged off the warnings and invited Maj. Henry Rathbone and his fiancée, Clara Harris, to join them for a night at the theater.

Lithograph of the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln. From left to right: Henry Rathbone, Clara Harris, Mary Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln and John Wilkes Booth. Rathbone is depicted as spotting Booth before he shot Lincoln and trying to stop him as Booth fired his weapon. From the Library of Congress

Jim Shilling
Starke County Historical Society


Space Rocket hits Hamlet, Indiana – 1954 - Starke County Tidbit No. 60

posted Jan 7, 2015, 9:29 AM by North Judson-Wayne Township Public Library

All Richard Jensen wanted to do was create a little excitement in the sleepy town of Hamlet. It turned out that he created a little more excitement than he expected; boy, did he ever. 

It was October of 1954 and Richard was a high school student who worked part-time at the local Shell Oil gas station. Because he liked mechanics and building things, he came up with an idea of building a fake space rocket. Every night, after the gas station had closed, he secretly worked on his project. He started with a 6-foot long aluminum tube, installed old car parts and a gas line to give the appearance of jet propulsion, added push rods and old car radio tubes to make it appear as if it were radio-controlled, and fashioned air intakes and fins to the exterior. To add even more realism, he heated and darkened the outside of the rocket to make it look like it had actually traveled through space. 

The completed rocket was transported late at night to the local golf course. Richard used a tire iron to beat the side of a tree, impaled chunks of aluminum into the tree trunk, dug a trench in the ground, and placed the rocket at the end of the trench. The stage was set with the rocket appearing to strike the tree before hitting the ground. 

Upon discovering the rocket the next day, Clem Hall, the owner of the Hamlet Golf Course, loaded it into the trunk of his car and started to show it to everyone in town. It wasn’t long before someone suggested to Clem that he might want to contact the local Kingsbury Ordnance Plant to determine whether or not the rocket was dangerous. Officials at the ordnance plant gave instructions that the rocket was not to be touched, and they further said that they would send a team of technicians to make an inspection. Clem hurriedly returned the rocket to the location on the golf course where it had been found. 

Kingsbury Ordnance Plant officials arrived to inspect and take pictures of the rocket and then released the pictures and story to the news media. News stories immediately began to appear, not only in newspapers across Indiana, but also around the Midwest, and then around the country. The 5th Army Headquarters, located in Chicago, reprimanded the ordnance plant officials for releasing the pictures and story of the rocket, because they thought it might be some sort of secret missile. The FBI was called in to make an investigation and the rocket was sent to the U.S. Air Force for evaluation. 

New stories about the rocket continued to multiply. A Chicago Daily News reporter, who just happened to be vacationing at the nearby Town of Koontz Lake when the rocket was discovered, stated that he had seen it fly over the lake the previous night heading in the direction of Hamlet. Mrs. Ossler, a resident of Hamlet, said that her TV went blank at about 10:00 p.m. on the night the rocket landed. And every time a new story about the rocket came out in the paper, the trench made by its impact became deeper and deeper. 

Richard nervously followed all the new stories, thought for sure that he would go to jail if the truth came out, and was too afraid to admit that he was the one who built the rocket. It wasn’t long, however, before an FBI agent showed up at the Shell Station to question him. It seemed that a late-night gas station customer, who had accidentally discovered Richard working on the rocket some time before had reported that fact to officials. The FBI agent questioned Richard and obtained his full confession. To his relief, the FBI agent told Richard that he was not in trouble and that he had done a pretty good job of placing Hamlet on the map. The following February, officials from the Air Force returned to Hamlet and gave Richard two shoe boxes filled with the pieces of his rocket. Every piece had been placed into a labeled envelope, indicating that they had all been individually and meticulously inspected. 

It was almost exactly five years later, in October of 1959 that a small meteorite struck a house in Hamlet. Ironically, the house belonged to Clem Hall, the owner of the Hamlet Golf Course. It took quite some time for many people in town to be convinced that the meteorite was real, because Richard now worked only a block away from Clem’s house, at the local lumber yard, and they thought for sure that it was another one of his pranks. The meteorite was, in fact, determined to be real and, to this day, it is still on display at the Field Museum in Chicago. 

Richard has never taken up the game of golf.

Jim Shilling
Starke County Historical Society


Have you ever wished you could have met someone and never got the chance? - Starke County Tidbit #59

posted Oct 30, 2014, 9:46 AM by North Judson-Wayne Township Public Library   [ updated Oct 30, 2014, 9:52 AM ]

I would like to have met Stanley Pieza.  Some of you have.  From all accounts of this man, he seems like an interesting individual to have known.  Philip Potempa says of Mr. Pieza, "My mentor was the late Stanley Pieza, my Sunday school teacher and a former reporter".  

Mr. Pieza was born in Lithuania in 1905, and was a newspaperman in Chicago, Illinois, before retiring and moving to San Pierre, Indiana. He became interested in local history while working on the history of the All Saints Catholic Church.  Click below to go to the 125th Anniversary Publication, written in 1983, of the All Saints Catholic Church in San Pierre.  His photo, with the other program book staff, is on page 39.

He started as a police reporter in the 1920s, and then covered religion for more than four decades for the Chicago Examiner, the Chicago's American and Chicago Today. 

Mr. Pieza made his mark by scooping other religion writers. He was especially proud that he had interviewed four popes and had covered the proceedings of the Second Vatican Council.

In the All Saints Catholic Church Anniversary Publication, he mentions Lincoln's funeral train stopping in San Pierre, 6:15 a.m., Monday, May 1, 1865, and Horace Greeley passing through town on a railroad handcar in 1853.  He also tells of Thomas Alva Edison staying in San Pierre for a few nights.  In Edison's early life, he was an itinerary telegrapher for the Monon Railroad.  With the help of others, Mr. Pieza compiled quite a history of the All Saints Catholic Church and San Pierre, keeping our Starke County history alive.  I hope you enjoy reading it.


Jim Shilling
Starke County Historical Society



Horse tank --- yes - no - Starke County Tidbit #58

posted Sep 3, 2014, 5:38 PM by North Judson-Wayne Township Public Library   [ updated Oct 30, 2014, 9:53 AM ]

A lot of people have talked to me about the "horse tank" in Knox.   Early in Knox history, horse tanks were needed, not only for horses to drink, but for fire protection.  Knox didn't have much of a fire department in the early days.  There were some driven wells and some volunteers.  Each merchant in town was expected to help in case of a fire and was required to have two galvanized buckets for that purpose (Bucket brigade).   If you couldn't show your two buckets upon inspection, you would be fined $5, which was a lot of money in 1900.

The attached photo, taken In 1897 during the construction of the courthouse, shows clearly on the bottom right of the photo, a horse tank.  This was a one-piece tank, carved out of limestone.   One can see the horse hitching area to the left with the post and chain.   Remember, in 1897 the method of transportation was by horse, or you walked.   There were no cars.   I vaguely remember as a kid a horse tank similar to this on the east side of the courthouse.


The second attachment shows a 1904 Sanborn insurance map of Knox.  These maps were made to show the danger areas for fires in towns.   On this map one can see a well and pump across the street from the courthouse on Washington Street.  (Near the current offices of LeRoy Gudeman and Ken Whiles.) There was probably a horse tank nearby.  


The third attachment shows what a lot of people think is an old time horse tank, just east of the Community Center on Lake Street.   Sorry, folks, this was not a horse tank.  

OK - so what was it?

During the early years of Knox, wood was used as fuel for stoves in homes and offices.   Wood was replaced by coal shortly after the turn of the century.   Then in the 1930s, fuel oil started being used for heat.   That "horse tank" is really a flower bed with a fuel oil tank buried half-way into the ground.   Notice the filler pipe and the vent pipe.  It was a concealed fuel oil tank servicing Dr. Bell's home and office.

Jim Shilling
Starke County Historical Society

Center vs. Knox - Starke County Tidbit #57

posted Aug 18, 2014, 5:10 PM by North Judson-Wayne Township Public Library   [ updated Aug 18, 2014, 5:18 PM ]

Lots of things have happened in my short lifetime.  One thing of interest is that school rivals could join together in a reunion to celebrate graduation.  On July 10, 1982, a class of the Center Township School and a class of the Knox High School jointly held their 50th class reunion.  Each group had graduated in 1932.

Now, for some of you who may not know, the Center Township School (for students living in Center Township outside the city limits of Knox) was located just west of Knox on the property where the White Flyer Company is now.  The Knox High School was in town.  The two schools were only a mile apart, but were strong rivals in sports.   The "Blue Streaks" (Center) and the "Knox Redskins" would always battle very hard in basketball (the sport of the day).  The Center School burned in January 1942, so the "country bumpkins" had to join together with the "city slickers" to form the Knox Community Schools.  And that is why the official colors of the Knox Community Schools are now Red, White and Blue.

The news article about the unique reunion relates how each person shared memories about living conditions in the great depression and how different things were "now" (in 1982).  

It is interesting in 2014 to read about corn selling for 10 cents a bushel and a cup of coffee selling for 5 cents in 1932.  The news article lists other items subject to inflation over the years (now 82 years ago).  Fascinating where time has taken us.

Attached is the article with picture of those "rivals" who put aside differences to celebrate together.   (Maybe folks in the Middle East could take a lesson?)   You may have to enlarge the article to be able to read it better.

Jim Shilling
Starke County Historical Society

http://www.starkehistory.com
http://www.scpl.lib.in.us/historical/


Starke County Historical Society loans horse to Henry F. Schricker Library

posted Jun 25, 2014, 10:34 AM by North Judson-Wayne Township Public Library   [ updated Jun 25, 2014, 10:34 AM ]

A 1920 German antique Carousel Horse now looks down upon children in the Henry F. Schricker Public Library.   Fred and Judy Parker from Boca Raton, Florida, formerly from Starke County, had donated this beautiful horse to the Starke County Museum a few years ago.   It has been on display at the Museum, waiting for a special place worthy of its antique value.   Because of space limitations at the Museum, the Board of Directors began looking for another location in the community where it could be properly displayed.  With the building of the new children's area in the Library in Knox, they wondered if it might be displayed there.  Dave Bullock, a Library board member, consulting with Sheila Urwiler, Librarian for the Henry F. Schricker Library, and with the help of his son, Wesley, built a mount for it.   The Carousel Horse is now on loan to the Library and beautifully displayed above the reference desk in the library's new children's addition.   I thought you would enjoy seeing a photo of it.

Jim Shilling
Starke County Historical Society


Small Man arrested !!!!! - Starke County Tidbit No. #56

posted May 29, 2014, 10:40 AM by North Judson-Wayne Township Public Library

Most of you remember the stories about Che Mah, the smallest man in the world who retired from the circus and lived here in Starke County.   But did you know that he was arrested in New York?   A friend of mine sent this news clipping that I hadn't seen before.   I thought you would enjoy it.  It is small print, so you may have to enlarge it some.

Also, more on Che Mah can be found on our website --- http://www.starkehistory.com/index_files/Page1263.htm

Jim Shilling
Starke County Historical Society
http://www.starkehistory.com
http://www.scpl.lib.in.us/historical/

      


Preserving your ancestors' photos - Starke County Tidbit #55

posted Apr 9, 2014, 2:49 PM by North Judson-Wayne Township Public Library   [ updated Sep 9, 2014, 9:47 AM ]

The Starke County Historical Society was featured on Channel 34 Open Studio program a few years ago.  Marvin Allen was a guest and demonstrated the importance of preserving old photographs and digitizing the photos on CD's to be stored for the future.  One graphic illustration showed the effect of light and air on photographs.  He displayed two identical photographs of his g-g-grandfather.  One photo had been stored for over 100 years.  The other one was displayed on the wall for the same period of time.  The displayed one (left in the attachment) was faded with age while the stored photo was sharp and clear.

The lesson here is to perhaps make copies of your important photos and display the copies while storing the original photo in an acid free envelope.  Identify the subject in the photo by writing the name on the back of the photo with a soft lead pencil.     

There are several websites that can help you in preservation of your family heirlooms.   A good website is  http://www.loc.gov/preservation/care/ .  It shows preservation methods for different kinds of paper products, even comic books.

Jim Shilling
Starke County Historical Society


Snow - Starke County Tidbit #54

posted Feb 17, 2014, 11:43 AM by North Judson-Wayne Township Public Library   [ updated Feb 17, 2014, 11:44 AM ]

Tidbit No. 54

Snow - I suppose most of us have had enough of it by now, but the headline from the newspaper below tells of times past.

1913
A snow blizzard created drifts up to 6 feet high closing roads and stopping trains in their tracks.

I remember as a kid, lots of snow - of course I was shorter then and it may have seemed like bigger drifts than they really were.  But in my youth, I had fun in it, like the children of today.  I suppose to my dad it wasn't as much fun, trying to get around to feeding the livestock on the farm.

I believe it was in 1978 that the northern part of Indiana got hit by some really big snow drifts.  The Army Corp of Engineers hired many of us excavators in the county to use our dozers to push snow drifts off of the county roads.  Jim Falk and Warren Bickel helped clear some of the roads in North Bend Township, southeast of Bass Lake.  Extreme caution had to be used, because it was hard to know if a 10 foot snow drift might be hiding a car inside of it.   

Attached are two photos of snow conditions in years past.  The first one shows train engines (I think there are four engines) pushing snow off of the tracks near Boone Grove in 1917.

The second photo shows the south side of Lake Street and the corner of Pearl Street in Knox with lots of snow in 1910.  All of that snow was piled up by hand. 

Jim Shilling
Starke County Historical Society



          


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